Immune recovery

Suppression of HIV replication using antiretroviral therapy allows the immune system to recover by producing new CD4 T-cells to replace those that have been killed by the virus. Typically, viral load suppression and CD4 cell recovery occur together after starting HIV treatment. But sometimes patients experience an isolated virological or immunological response. This is discussed in Discordant viral load and CD4 cell responses.

Along with antiretroviral drugs, numerous other approaches have been explored to promote immune system recovery or ‘reconstitution’. For further information, see Restoring the immune system.

Community Consensus Statement on Access to HIV Treatment and its Use for Prevention

Together, we can make it happen

We can end HIV soon if people have equal access to HIV drugs as treatment and as PrEP, and have free choice over whether to take them.

Launched today, the Community Consensus Statement is a basic set of principles aimed at making sure that happens.

The Community Consensus Statement is a joint initiative of AVAC, EATG, MSMGF, GNP+, HIV i-Base, the International HIV/AIDS Alliance, ITPC and NAM/aidsmap

This content was checked for accuracy at the time it was written. It may have been superseded by more recent developments. NAM recommends checking whether this is the most current information when making decisions that may affect your health.

NAM’s information is intended to support, rather than replace, consultation with a healthcare professional. Talk to your doctor or another member of your healthcare team for advice tailored to your situation.