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The biology of HIV transmission news


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Antiviral gene helps suppress jumping of AIDS viruses between host species

The human AIDS viruses originated as viruses of apes and monkeys, respectively, yet little is known about whether or how these invaders adapted to the new genetic "environment" encountered in humans. One group of host genes, collectively known as restriction factors, is thought to influence the ability of such viruses to move between different primate species.

24 August 2010
Science Daily
Microbicides, vaccines may need to repel HIV contact at mucosa

HIV can damage the walls of cells in the mucous membranes in the genital tract and the intestines, permitting the virus to pass across these

09 April 2010
Keith Alcorn
Scientists learn why even treated genital herpes sores boost the risk of HIV infection

New research helps explain why infection with herpes simplex virus-2 (HSV-2), which causes genital herpes, increases the risk for HIV infection even after successful treatment

05 August 2009
NIAID Press Release
Model suggests only 9% of new HIV infections due to those with acute HIV infection

Only a small proportion of new, sexually transmitted HIV infections in the United States are due to people with acute, undiagnosed HIV, according to a

20 August 2007
Michael Carter
BHIVA: Recent gay seroconverters explain why they became HIV-infected

Gay men are extremely aware of the HIV risks associated with receptive unprotected anal intercourse (UAI) but still do not practice safer sex for a

06 April 2006
Edwin J. Bernard
Genital shedding of HIV fluctuates with a woman's menstrual cycle

The shedding of HIV in vaginal and cervical secretions fluctuates with a woman’s menstrual cycle, according to a study published in the June 15th edition

07 June 2004
Michael Carter
Contraception and women's HIV risks

Ugandan and US scientists working in the Rakai District have reported on the relationship between HIV risk and use of different forms of contraception. The

22 January 2003
Julian Meldrum
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Community Consensus Statement on Access to HIV Treatment and its Use for Prevention

Together, we can make it happen

We can end HIV soon if people have equal access to HIV drugs as treatment and as PrEP, and have free choice over whether to take them.

Launched today, the Community Consensus Statement is a basic set of principles aimed at making sure that happens.

The Community Consensus Statement is a joint initiative of AVAC, EATG, MSMGF, GNP+, HIV i-Base, the International HIV/AIDS Alliance, ITPC and NAM/aidsmap

This content was checked for accuracy at the time it was written. It may have been superseded by more recent developments. NAM recommends checking whether this is the most current information when making decisions that may affect your health.

NAM’s information is intended to support, rather than replace, consultation with a healthcare professional. Talk to your doctor or another member of your healthcare team for advice tailored to your situation.